Oral History, Remembering Practices and the Problem of “Access” to the Traumatic Experience
pdf

Abstract views: 147
PDF Downloads: 72

Keywords

oral history
memory studies
memory
Modern
narrative
time regime
trauma
traumatic experience

How to Cite

Artemenko, N. (2020). Oral History, Remembering Practices and the Problem of “Access” to the Traumatic Experience. Corpus Mundi, 1(4), 14-33. https://doi.org/10.46539/cmj.v1i4.30

Abstract

The method of “oral history” is quite widely used today, despite the fact that it came into being not so long ago. The origins of the method of oral history should be sought for in the studies related to interviewing, and with reference to related disciplines, i.e. sociology, ethnology, political science and, partly, linguistics. Quite soon, the disputes over the relation of oral history and historical memory became common for critical literature. The interview method is a very complex way, which requires quite an effort, as well as the awareness of researcher’s subjectivity of a high degree, therefore, some historians sees oral history as a highly unreliable source. Yet, it is impossible to ignore the fact that the method of oral history is in high demand in cases of no other sources except for the evidence of human memory being left. Oral history enables us to study not so much the facts of the past as the very human consciousness and its alteration, transformation, enables us to pose a question on the memory practices from a new perspective. Memory and remembering practices are closely related to oblivion, which, in its turn, indicates the need to eliminate the information that ravages the human psyche and the structure of public consciousness. Oblivion could be entitled “memory trauma” which should be understood as the events, destructive both to personal and social (including national) identity. Consequently the memory starts to be associated with the concept of trauma. The article delves into the relation between oral history and human memory, the problem of “accessing” the traumatic experience, special aspects of narrative in the traumatic experience.

https://doi.org/10.46539/cmj.v1i4.30
pdf

References

Assmann, A. (2011). Memory Has Become the Frontier in the Game of Politics. An Interview of January 27, 2011. Retrieved from https://www.gazeta.ru/culture/2011/01/27/a_3506234.shtml, last accessed on 15 April 2020. (In Russian).

Assmann, A. (2016). New Discontent with Memorial Culture. Moscow: New Literary Observer. (In Russian).

Assmann, A. (2017). Is Time out of Joint? On the Rise and Fall of the Modern Time Regime. Moscow: New Literary Observer. (In Russian).

Assmann, J. (1995). Collective Memory and Cultural Identity. New German Critique, (65), 125–133.

Assmann, J. (2004). Memory: Writing, Memory of the Past and Political Identity in the High Cultures of Antiquity. Moscow: LRC Publishers. (In Russian).

Caruth, C. (1996). Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative and History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Caruth, C. (2009). Trauma, Time and History. In S. Ushakin & E. Trubina (Eds.) Trauma Points: Collected Papers (pp. 561-581). Moscow: New Literary Observer (In Russian).

Filyushkin, A. (2004). Oral History. Research Guidelines. St Petersburg: Publishing House of St Petersburg Polytechnic University. (In Russian).

LaCapra, D. (1996). Representing the Holocaust: History, Theory, Trauma. NY: Cornell University Press.

Lekhtsier, V. (2018). Illness: Experience, Earrative, Hope. Essay on Social and Humanitarian Research in Medicine. Vilnius: Logvino literatūros namai. (In Russian).

MacIntyre, A. (2000). After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. Moscow: Academic Project, Yekaterinburg: Business Book. (In Russian).

Morris, D. B. (1993). The Culture of Pain. Berkley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press.

Niethammer, L. (2012). Questions to German Memory. Articles on Oral History. Moscow: Novoe Izdatelstvo Publishing House. (In Russian).

Niethammer, L. (2014). Seminar Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Oral History with Lutz Niethammer, February 4, 2014. Retrieved from https://urokiistorii.ru/article/52024. (In Russian).

Nora, P. (1996). Realms of Memory: Rethinking the French Past. Volume 1. Conflicts and Divisions. New York, Chichester, West Surrey: Columbia University Press.

Nora, P. (2005). Global Triumph of Memory. Emergency Reserves, Vol. 2. Retrieved from https://magazines.gorky.media/nz/2005/2/vsemirnoe-torzhestvo-pamyati.html (In Russian).

Rostovtsev, E. (2018). The Russian Science on Oral History. Bulletin of Saint Petersburg University. History, 63(2), 523-524. (In Russian).

Rozhansky, M. (2014). “Oral History”―the Philosophy of Memory. Retrieved from http://gefter.ru/archive/13083 (In Russian).

Trubina, E. (2011). Learning to Remember: Vectors of Memory Studies. Power of Time: the Social Frames of Memory. Moscow: Variant Publishing House. (In Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.