The aim of the article is to determine the functions of the nude and naked body image in the A. Pushkin legacy. The main tasks are to reveal regularities in the choice of motifs, images and perspectives, to correlate them with the author's world viewpoints and the evolution of his views, to connect them with philosophical and aesthetic dominants of his art. The works of art, as well as critical and travel notes, letters, sketches, drawings served as the basis for the study. The biographical and mundane context was involved. Orientation to the consistency and integrity of the analysis determines the novelty of the study. It is noted that the concept of “nudity” acquires the author conceptuality that correlates with form simplicity and naturalness. Pushkin tends to aestheticize the female body. It is proved that the intensity, selectivity, measure of spatial distance in its depiction are determined by a specific life stage, literary type, genre, attitude towards the subject of the image. The assumption is substantiated that the problem of visual perspective is not least related to fashion trends. “Serene” nudity in the works of Alexander Pushkin is usually a sign of foreignness, otherness; attractive is associated with the realm of the infernal, here the poet is influenced by folk mythology and the Gothic. In erotic descriptions the movements, the nervous and mental atmosphere are very important. The variety of the naked body interpretations can be compared with a palimpsest, especially since Pushkin's sketches clearly testify to his refining predilection.
Agapkina, T.A., Valentsova, M.M., & Toporkov, A.L. (2004). Nudity. In Slavic Antiquities: an Ethnolinguistic dictionary: in 5 vols. (Vol.3) International Relations. (In Russian).
Barcan, R. (2004). Nudity: A Cultural Anatomy (Dress, Body, Culture). Berg Publishers.
Bonfante, L. (1989). Nudity as a Costume in Classical Art. American Journal of Archaeology, 93, 543–570. https://doi.org/10.2307/505328
Botvinnik, N.M. (1979). About Pushkin's poem “No, I do not value rebellious pleasure.” In The temporary Pushkin Commission (pp.147–156). (In Russian).
Bulgarin, F.V. (2001). Memoirs. Zakharov. (In Russian).
Bullough, V. L., & Bullough, B. (Eds.). (1994). Human sexuality: An encyclopedia. Garland.
Carr Gomm, Ph. (2010). A Brief History of Nakedness. Reaktion Books, Limited.
Clark, K. (1956). The Nude: A Study in Ideal Form. Princeton University Press.
Dashkova, E.R. (1987). Notes. Letters of sisters M. and K. Wilmot from Russia. (S.S. Dmitriev, ed.). Moscow State University. (In Russian).
Dolgorukov, P.V. (1992). Petersburg essays: pamphlets of an emigrant, 1860–1867. Novosti. (In Russian).
Dumas, A. (1993). Travel impressions. In Russia: Op. in 3 vol. (Vol. 2). Ladomir Scientific and Publishing Center. (In Russian).
Dumont, E. (1913). Diary of his arrival in Russia in 1803. The Voice of the Past, 4, 137. (In Russian).
Egorov, B.F. (2016). Pushkin and Chichibabin as erotic poets. Culture and Text, 2, 101–108. (In Russian).
Fomichev, S.A. (1993). Pushkin's graphics. Pushkin House; State Pushkin Theater Center Association “New Literature”. (In Russian).
Galitsky, A.V. (1975). Generous heat: essays on the Russian bath and its close and distant relatives. Physical culture and sport. (In Russian).
Glushkovsky, A.P. (2010). Memoirs of the choreographer. Planet of Music. (In Russian).
Ioselevich, B.A. (2016). A.S. Pushkin is an erotomanist (eroticism in the life and work of the poet). https://proza.ru/2016/04/10/453 (In Russian).
Koch, I.E. (2019). Fundamentals of stage movement. Planet of Music: Publishing house “Lan”. (In Russian).
Komovsky, S.D. (1998). Memories of Pushkin's childhood. In Pushkin in the Memoirs of contemporaries. (Vol. 1., pp. 56–59). Academic Project. (In Russian).
Korovin, V.I. (2005). The history of Russian literature of the 19th century: In 3 parts. Part 1. VLADOS; PEAK Idel-Press. (In Russian).
Kuznetsov, I.N. (2002). Business etiquette, diplomatic, everyday. Amalfea. (In Russian).
Laver, J. (1966). Dress: How and Why Fashions in Men’s and Women’s Clothes Have Changed during the Past Two Hundred Years. John Murray.
Lavrentieva, E.V. (2007). The daily life of the nobility of Pushkin's time. Etiquette. Young Guard. (In Russian).
Lotman, Y.M. (1994). Russian culture conversations: the life and traditions of the Russian nobility (18th – early 19th century). “Art – St. Petersburg”. (In Russian).
Lotman, Y.M. (1995). Pushkin: an essay of creativity. In Pushkin: biography of the writer; articles and notes, 1960–1990; “Eugene Onegin”: commentary (pp. 187–211). Iskusstvo-SPB. (In Russian).
Masquelier, A. M. (2005). Dirt, Undress, and Difference Critical Perspectives on the Body’s Surface. Indiana University Press.
Nabokov, V.V. (1999). Comments on “Eugene Onegin” by Alexander Pushkin. NPK “Intelvak”. (In Russian).
Odoevsky, V.F. (1833). Motley fairy tales. Printing house of the Expedition of procurement of state papers. (In Russian).
Pushkin, A.S. (1977–1979). Complete works: in 10 vols. Nauka. (In Russian).
Selivanov, V.V. (1881). Legends and memories. Typo-lithography by A.E. Landau. (In Russian).
Semenova, S.G. (1999). Metamorphoses of Eros in Pushkin's poetry. Banner, 12, 181–194. (In Russian).
Serman, I.Z. (2003). Mikhail Lermontov: Life in Literature, 1836–1841. Russian State University for the Humanities. (In Russian).
Shokareva, A.S. (2017). The noble family: the culture of communication. Russian metropolitan nobility of the first half of the 19th century. New Literary Review. (In Russian).
Tomashevsky, B.V. (1930). A small leg. Pushkin and his contemporaries: Materials and research, 38(39)), 76–78. (In Russian).
Tynyanov, Yu.N. (1969). Pushkin and his contemporaries. Nauka. (In Russian).
Vasiliev, A. (2017). About the fashion of the Pushkin era. https://www.liveinternet.ru/users/5257357/post423947137 (In Russian).
Veltman, E.I. (1848). Lydia. A story from the life of a music teacher. Moskvityanin, 4, 213–253. (In Russian).
Vinogradov, V.V. (ed.). (1957). Dictionary of the Pushkin language: in 4 vols (Vol. 2). GIS. (In Russian).
Weiskopf, M. (2003). “Here is another eucharist...” Religious eroticism in the works of Pushkin. In The Bird Troika and the Chariot of the Soul: works of 1978–2003 (pp.25–46). New Literary Review. (In Russian).
Weiskopf, M. (2012). The Demiurge in Love: Metaphysics and Eroticism of Russian Romanticism. New Literary Review. (In Russian).
Yakushenkova, O.S. (2014). The image of the Other in the heterotopic spaces of the frontier (Dissertation). Astrakhan State University. (In Russian).
Zakharzhevskaya, R.V. (2006). The history of costume: from antiquity to modernity. RIPOL classic. (In Russian).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.